Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia

Synonym: Quercus rotundifolia Lam.

Quercus ilex shows two main morphological types. The “ilex” type is an elongated and large leaf morph distributed from Greece to the French Riviera, and along the Atlantic coast of France. This morph is restricted to humid or subhumid sites mainly in mild coastal areas. The “rotundifolia” morph is characterized by small and rounded thick leaves and occurs in inland parts of North Africa and Spain, where it grows under Mediterranean climates ranging from semiarid (with markedly continental conditions) to per-humid. In addition, trees showing morphological characters intermediate between the two morphs occur in the French regions of Languedoc and Roussillon, and in the eastern and northern coastal areas of Spain. Evidence from allozyme polymorphism suggests the occurrence of a single species with two distinct subspecies. These differ mainly by adaptive characters related to the distinct climate conditions which occur in the distinct geographical areas of the Mediterranean Basin (Lumaret et al. 2002).

Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais #1

Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 1/14]

Photographic credit: Ralph Mangelsdorff

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Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 1/14]

Photographic credit: Ralph Mangelsdorff

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Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 2/14]

Photographic credit: Ralph Mangelsdorff

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Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 2/14]

Photographic credit: Ralph Mangelsdorff

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Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 3/14]

forest of Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia on the summits of Adrar Ou-Oumerreksou, 2154 m

Photographic credit: Jean-Paul Peltier

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Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 3/14]

forest of Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia on the summits of Adrar Ou-Oumerreksou, 2154 m

Photographic credit: Jean-Paul Peltier

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Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais on the summits of jbel Lkest [photo 4/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia is localised on the highest summits of the Western quartz massifs of the Moroccan Anti-Atlas mountain (jbels Lkest 2374 m; Ighchene 2041 m; Mkorn 2340 m, Adrar Ou-Oumerreksou, 2154 m) which receive a maximum of precipitations (the average annual precipitations were estimated at 600 mm on the highest summits of Lkest mountain). Here the summits of jbel Lkest

Photographic credit: Jean-Paul Peltier

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Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais on the summits of jbel Lkest [photo 4/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia is localised on the highest summits of the Western quartz massifs of the Moroccan Anti-Atlas mountain (jbels Lkest 2374 m; Ighchene 2041 m; Mkorn 2340 m, Adrar Ou-Oumerreksou, 2154 m) which receive a maximum of precipitations (the average annual precipitations were estimated at 600 mm on the highest summits of Lkest mountain). Here the summits of jbel Lkest

Photographic credit: Jean-Paul Peltier

Download [831x552 px - 476.44 Ko]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais on the summits of jbel Lkest [photo 5/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia is localised on the highest summits of the Western quartz massifs of the Moroccan Anti-Atlas mountain (jbels Lkest 2374 m; Ighchene 2041 m; Mkorn 2340 m, Adrar Ou-Oumerreksou, 2154 m) which receive a maximum of precipitations (the average annual precipitations were estimated at 600 mm on the highest summits of Lkest mountain). The mountain has a great diversity of ecosystems, with important endemic plants.

Photographic credit: Ahmed El Aboudi

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Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais on the summits of jbel Lkest [photo 5/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia is localised on the highest summits of the Western quartz massifs of the Moroccan Anti-Atlas mountain (jbels Lkest 2374 m; Ighchene 2041 m; Mkorn 2340 m, Adrar Ou-Oumerreksou, 2154 m) which receive a maximum of precipitations (the average annual precipitations were estimated at 600 mm on the highest summits of Lkest mountain). The mountain has a great diversity of ecosystems, with important endemic plants.

Photographic credit: Ahmed El Aboudi

Download [811x514 px - 336.47 Ko]

Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 6/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia on the summits of jbel Lkest, 2374 m (Western Anti-Atlas)

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

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Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 6/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia on the summits of jbel Lkest, 2374 m (Western Anti-Atlas)

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

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Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 7/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia  on the summits of jbel Lkest, 2374 m (Western Anti-Atlas)

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

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Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 7/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia  on the summits of jbel Lkest, 2374 m (Western Anti-Atlas)

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

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Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 8/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia on the summits of jbel Lkest, 2374 m (Western Anti-Atlas)

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

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Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 8/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia on the summits of jbel Lkest, 2374 m (Western Anti-Atlas)

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

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Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 9/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia on the summits of jbel Lkest, 2374 m (Western Anti-Atlas)

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

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Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 9/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia on the summits of jbel Lkest, 2374 m (Western Anti-Atlas)

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

Download [1134x850 px - 1,258.46 Ko]

Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 10/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia on the summits of jbel Lkest, 2374 m (Western Anti-Atlas)

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

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Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 10/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia on the summits of jbel Lkest, 2374 m (Western Anti-Atlas)

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

Download [1134x850 px - 1,206.13 Ko]

Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 11/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia on the summits of jbel Lkest, 2374 m (Western Anti-Atlas)

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

Download [1134x850 px - 1,133.39 Ko]

Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 11/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia on the summits of jbel Lkest, 2374 m (Western Anti-Atlas)

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

Download [1134x850 px - 1,133.39 Ko]

Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 12/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia on the summits of jbel Lkest, 2374 m (Western Anti-Atlas)

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

Download [1134x850 px - 1,091.18 Ko]

Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 12/14]

Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia on the summits of jbel Lkest, 2374 m (Western Anti-Atlas)

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

Download [1134x850 px - 1,091.18 Ko]

Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 13/14]

The jbel Bou Krat (1421 m) is located in the massif of Sidi-Ifni, Western part of the Anti-Atlas mountains. Contrasting reliefs and fog precipitations induced by the nearby Atlantic Ocean explain the presence of Quercus ilex in the massif. It is the Southern limits of the Quercus ilex zone in Morocco.

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

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Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 13/14]

The jbel Bou Krat (1421 m) is located in the massif of Sidi-Ifni, Western part of the Anti-Atlas mountains. Contrasting reliefs and fog precipitations induced by the nearby Atlantic Ocean explain the presence of Quercus ilex in the massif. It is the Southern limits of the Quercus ilex zone in Morocco.

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

Download [1843x1672 px - 878.99 Ko]

Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 14/14]

The jbel Bou Krat (1421 m) is located in the massif of Sidi-Ifni, Western part of the Anti-Atlas mountains. Contrasting reliefs and fog precipitations induced by the nearby Atlantic Ocean explain the presence of Quercus ilex in the massif. It is the Southern limits of the Quercus ilex zone in Morocco.

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

Download [1701x1523 px - 1,218.61 Ko]

Quercus ilex L. subsp. rotundifolia (Lam.) T. Morais [photo 14/14]

The jbel Bou Krat (1421 m) is located in the massif of Sidi-Ifni, Western part of the Anti-Atlas mountains. Contrasting reliefs and fog precipitations induced by the nearby Atlantic Ocean explain the presence of Quercus ilex in the massif. It is the Southern limits of the Quercus ilex zone in Morocco.

Photographic credit: Fouad Msanda

Download [1701x1523 px - 1,218.61 Ko]

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