Citrullus colocynthis

Synonyms: Cucumis colocynthis L., Colocynthis vulgaris Schrader

Originally from tropical Asia and Africa, Citrullus colocynthis is now widely distributed in the Saharo-Arabian phytogeographic region in Africa and the Mediteranean region. The pulp, because of its content of glucosides such as colocynthin, is an effective hydragogue, cathartic and laxative. The seeds are edible and seeds have a high oil content; in ancient times it was among the oils permitted to be used for candle light. Most parts of Citrullus colocynthis, especially the fruits, are used to treat numerous diseases: cancer, breast inflammation, adenopathy, anemia, fever, ulcers, bronchitis, diabetes and to treat the hemorrhoids.

Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader #1

Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 1/10]

Photographic credit: Jean-Paul Peltier

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 1/10]

Photographic credit: Jean-Paul Peltier

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 2/10]

Photographic credit: Jean-Paul Peltier

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 2/10]

Photographic credit: Jean-Paul Peltier

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 3/10]

Photographic credit: René Baud

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 3/10]

Photographic credit: René Baud

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 4/10]

Photographic credit: Ahmed El Aboudi

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 4/10]

Photographic credit: Ahmed El Aboudi

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 5/10]

Photographic credit: Ahmed El Aboudi

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 5/10]

Photographic credit: Ahmed El Aboudi

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 6/10]

Photographic credit: Jean-Claude Thiaudière

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 6/10]

Photographic credit: Jean-Claude Thiaudière

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 7/10]

Photographic credit: Philippe Geniez

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 7/10]

Photographic credit: Philippe Geniez

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 8/10]

Photographic credit: Philippe Geniez

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 8/10]

Photographic credit: Philippe Geniez

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 9/10]

Photographic credit: Ahmed El Aboudi

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 9/10]

Photographic credit: Ahmed El Aboudi

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 10/10]

Photographic credit: Jean-Paul Peltier

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Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader [photo 10/10]

Photographic credit: Jean-Paul Peltier

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