Arisarum vulgare

Spathes cylindrical, pale. Sterile part of spadix cylindrical, thin.

In Morocco, A. vulgare tubers are consumed during periods of food scarcity and the roots are used in traditional medicine as an emeto-cathartic and against diseases of the respiratory tract. However, the consumption of fresh plants by humans and animals often induces several toxic manifestations, such as irritation of the mucous membranes of the mouth, gastro-enteritis and allergic symptoms, mainly dermatitis and pruritis, and sometimes leads to death (A. vulgare tubers contain at least four alkaloids: bgugaine, irniine, irnigaine and N-methylirnigaine).